In recent years, there has been significant progress in the development of large language models (LLMs) and other AI technologies. These models are trained on massive datasets of text and code and they can be used to perform a variety of tasks including natural language processing, machine translation, and code generation.
Some of the key players involved in the development of LLMs and other AI technologies include:
The progress in LLMs and other AI technologies poses a number of potential challenges for cybersecurity and GRC organizations. LLMs, or large language models, have the potential to pose significant cybersecurity risks for organizations. These models are trained on vast amounts of data and can generate highly realistic text, including phishing emails, fraudulent messages, and misleading content. This can lead to a range of security threats, including social engineering attacks, identity theft, and data breaches.
For example, these models could be used to generate realistic-looking phishing emails or to create malware that is more difficult to detect and block. Hackers could use these deepfakes to impersonate executives or other trusted individuals, tricking employees into revealing sensitive information or transferring funds. Additionally, LLMs could be used to create convincing fake news articles or social media posts, which could be used to spread disinformation or manipulate public opinion.
In addition, LLMs could be used to automate a variety of tasks that are currently performed by human security analysts, such as threat hunting and vulnerability assessment. This could lead to a shortage of skilled security professionals, as well as a decrease in the effectiveness of traditional security measures.
To address the challenges posed by LLMs and other AI technologies, cybersecurity organizations should:
It is crucial for security and risk assessments to include key questions that assess a company's security posture as it relates to the threats from LLMs and AI on cybersecurity & GRC teams. This is because these technologies have the potential to significantly impact an organization's security posture and the effectiveness of its GRC teams.
To assess an organization's security posture as it relates to LLMs and AI, some key questions that should be considered in security and risk assessments include:
By including these questions in security and risk assessments, organizations can gain a better understanding of the potential risks posed by LLMs and AI, as well as identify areas where additional controls may be needed to protect against these threats. It is important to consider these risks seriously, as LLMs and AI are increasingly being used by cybercriminals to carry out sophisticated attacks that can be hard to detect or prevent.